The 24 Solar Terms

  • A Solar Term is any of 24 points in traditional East Asian lunisolar calendars that matches a particular astronomical event or signifies some natural phenomenon. These solar terms have meaningful titles, Some of them reflect the change of seasons, some embody the phenomena of climate, and some indicate the change of climate. I create this series illustration to visualize these meaningful titles and the background stories behind them.
  •  立春 (Li Chun) Spring Begins  The beginning of spring
  • 雨水 (Yu Shui) The Rain  There is an increase of rainfall from then on
  • 惊蛰 (JingZhe) Awakening of Insects  Thunder begins and hibernating insects wake up
     
  • 春分 (Chun Fen) Vernal Equinox  With an equal length of day and night
  • 清明 (Qing Ming) Clear and Bright  It is clear and bright, and it is time for tending graves
     
  • 谷雨 (Gu Yu) Grain Rain  Rainfall is helpful to grain, and the early crops show their shoots. 
  • 立夏 (Li Xia)Summer Begins  The beginning of summer 
  • 小满 (Xiao Man) Grain Full  The seeds of summer crops begin to become plump, but are not yet ripe
  • 芒种 (Mang Zhong) Grain in Ear  The wheat becomes ripe; and the summer planting starts

  • 夏至 (Xia Zhi) Summer Solstice  The daytime is the longest and the nighttime is the shortest of the year
  • 小暑 (Xiao Shu) Lesser Heat  Torridity comes
  • 大暑 (Da Shu) Great Heat  The hottest moment of a year
  • 立秋 (Li Qiu)Start of Autumn  Autumn begins
  • 处暑 (Chu Shu) Limit of Heat  Heat hides, every family place lights on the flowing river,lay offerings on the table or altar, and offer sacrifices to their ancestors
  • 白露  (Bai Lu) White Dew   Condensed moisture makes dew white

  • 秋分 (Qiu Fen) Autumnal Equinox  With an equal length of day and night

  • 寒露 (Han Lu) Cold Dew  The weather becomes cold enough to reach dew point, but not cold enough to reach frost point
  • 霜降 (Shuang Jiang) Hoar-frost Falls   The weather becomes cold and frost begins to form
  • 立冬 (Li Dong) Start of Winter  Winter begins,all the animals are ready to hide and start winter sleep
  • 小雪 (Xiao Xue) Minor Snow  Snow begins to fall, the weather becomes cold
  • 大雪 (Da Xue) major snow  It snows heavily for the first time in the year
  • 冬至 (Dong Zhi) Winter Solstice  The daytime is the shortest and the night time is the longest of the year,the opposite of the Southern Hemisphere
  • 小寒 (Xiao Han) Slight Cold   It is rather cold
  • 大寒 (Da Han) Great Cold  The coldest moment of a year